Medieval Indian history is more clear than ancient times because historical texts do not provide a clear interpretation of historical texts, but due to contact with foreign Muslims, the attitude of Indians changed and they paid attention to spirituality with material world. For this reason, in addition to religious and philosophical texts, authenticated historical texts were written in the medieval period, which provides important information about the medieval history.
Serially under medieval india
Vijay Nagar Empire
Bhakti and Sufi Movement
Rise of Maratha Power
Serial attacks in the medieval period
Why did Arabs invade India?
After the death of Mohammed Saheb, the founder of the Muslim sect, the leader of the Arabs was called Khalifa, the chief of which is known as Abu Bakr, Umar, Osman, Ali.
Their main purpose was to propagate religion and policies against their religion like demolition of idols and temples, looting of wealth, etc. In India at that time there was a stock of immense wealth and Hindu states like Rajput, that’s why for the fulfilment of Khalifa’s objectives Arabs invade India.
There were three invasions on India by the Arabs, of which two of the first are unsuccessful and the third is considered successful.
The first invasion was made in 636-637 AD, which included the ports of Deval at the mouth of Mumbai, Bhadoch and Indus, but it failed.
In 708 AD, Subedar Hajjaj of Iraq sent an army under the leadership of the commander Ubedullah to attack Sindh, Dahir was the rightful ruler of Sindh at that time.
In this war, the commander Ubedullah was killed by Dahir first, then Hajjaj killed Dahir’s son Jaisingh. But even this attack could not succeed.
Hajjaj, the Subedar of Iraq, became very angry with the above defeats. He sent a large army under the leadership of his son-in-law Mohammad bin Qasim to attack Sindh. This attack invaded Deval in 712 AD.
After this, he crossed the Indus river and attacked the army of Dahir, the ruler of Sindh, but in the end Dahir got into a fierce battle and got Veergati.
The reason for the success of Mohammed bin Qasim
The main reason for the success can be said to be the meeting of the sedition, Mohammed bin Qasim also met the ruler of Multan for selfish purposes, which helped Kasim to enter India.
However, Muhammad bin Qasim that he received the tragic award of these subjects, Hajjaj, the Subedar of Iraq died in 714 AD and after that in 715 Qasim was also executed by the enemy of Hajjaj.
After the death of Qasim, the Arab ruler Junaid took over the reign of Sindh and also took control of some territories of Gujarat in Rajasthan.
The failure of the Arabs because of that
Mutual disharmony in the Arab Caliphos was attributed to the failure of the Arabs.
Initial success was definitely achieved by Junaid, but when he faced the Pratihara rulers of Kashmir Kannauj, he could not stand before them.
Junaid’s successors, being weak and lax, could not protect their territories in India.
Impact of Arab invasion on India
Although the Arabs could not achieve special success in India according to their objectives, but their invasions definitely had an impact on the then India.
The Arabs forced the Indian public to accept the religion of Islam and established matrimonial relations with them leading to the emergence of an Indian-Muslim state in place of a Hindu state in India.
Arbo was successful only on some areas of India but it could not stand in front of other states like Kashmir Kannauj Pratihara. The Arab invasion did not have any special political impact on India.
The Muslim sect’s policies were reconciled in Indian purely Hindu policies by the Arab invasion and Indian philosophy had a wide influence on Islam and the Arab people gained knowledge of decimal system and constellation from Indians, moreover in contact with Arabs It also had a direct impact on Indian trade due to arrival.