What is US president impeachment?
In US impeachment is the process by which a legislature file charges against a civil officer of government for crimes alleged to have been committed, analogous to the bringing of an indictment by a grand jury. Any legislature member can introduce an impeachment resolution which is like any other bill, is sent to a committee. However the process can be also be started without a resolution, as with the current impeachment inquiry, the committee which taking care of inquiry, can review the evidence it receives, or carry out an investigation itself.
Based on the investigation if the evidences are strong enough, the committee would crafts articles of impeachment — the political equivalent of criminal charges — and sends them to the full House. The House can go ahead and pass the articles by a simple majority of vote, “impeaching” the president. The articles then pass to the Senate, where the trial proceeding takes place, in the trial representatives from the House acts as prosecutors and the president and his attorneys presenting his defense. The chief justice from the US Supreme Court presides over the trial in the Senate.
The Senate then votes on the charges on the president, with a two-thirds majority necessary to convict and remove him. If the president is convicted guilty, the vice president then takes over the White House.
Andrew Johnson, 1868— The New York Times (@nytimes) January 13, 2021
Richard Nixon, 1973
Bill Clinton, 1998
Donald Trump, 2019
Donald Trump, 2021
Here’s a look back at the presidential impeachment proceedings in American history. https://t.co/aEQsKfDI4n
Who have faced president impeachment?
There are 4 occasions when US president faced the impeachment, the impeachment has been faced by Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton, and Donald Trump, Trump has faced it twice.
Till now there is no President impeached by the House who has been removed from the office.
As per Wikipedia here is the list of president, charges against them and the result of impeachments
Andrew Johnson impeachment
Date of Impeachment: Feb 24, 1868
Accusation: Violating the Tenure of Office Act. The Supreme Court would later state in dicta that the (by then repealed) Tenure of Office Act had been unconstitutional.
Result of Impeachment: Acquitted on May 26, 1868; 35–19 in favor of conviction, falling one vote short of two-thirds.
Bill Clinton impeachment
Date of Impeachment: Dec 19, 1998
Accusation: Perjury and obstruction of justice.
Result of Impeachment: Acquitted on February 12, 1999: 45–55 on perjury and 50–50 on obstruction of justice.
Donald Trump first impeachment
Date of Impeachment: Dec 18, 2019
Accusation: Abuse of power and obstruction of Congress
Result of Impeachment: Acquitted on February 5, 2020: 48–52 on abuse of power and 47–53 on obstruction of Congress.
Donald Trump second impeachment
Date of Impeachment : Jan 13, 2021
Accusation: Incitement of insurrection
Result of Impeachment: Trial is pending with Senate