Rivers of india – Indian spirituality connected with rivers

rivers of india

India is an agricultural country and it is the only country in the world where the earth is called Mother and the rivers flowing on it are called its ornaments.

There are two forms of rivers in India, one new and one ancient. The new rivers include the rivers flowing through the Himalayas in India while the rivers flowing in South India are ornamented as ancient rivers. In India, rivers are considered alive and there is a legend legend behind the naming of each river.

So Let’s talk about – “Indian spirituality connected with rivers”

Ganges River

Origin – Gomukh Himani near Gangotri
Estuary – Bay of Bengal
Length – 2525 km (in India)

The river Ganga is considered to be the holiest river in Hinduism, generally the water of Ganga is kept in Hindu houses and the sprinkling of its water is considered auspicious for any occasion or sanctity. There are many stories related to the purity, purity and name of the Ganges. The popular story of which is given below

It is about the time when Ashwamedha yagya was performed by the kings to expand the empire. According to which the places where the king’s horse crossed would join the king’s empire. Once King Sagar also performed a similar Ashwamedha yagna. At that time Lord Indra began to fear that if his horse passed through my heavenly path, I would lose my throne. To avoid this, Lord Indra took another form and stole the horse of King Sagar and tied it in the ashram of Kapil Muni.

When the king and his sons set out to find Ashwa, they saw Kapil Muni tied to the ashram, stealing a horse. Due to this, the sage consumed King Sagar and all his sons by cursing them. As Bhasma was not cremated, her soul could not find peace and she started wandering on the earth.

Many years later, a king named Bhagirath was born in this clan. Bhagiratha meditated hard for the peace of his ancestors. He pleased Lord Vishnu with his harsh penance and told him – unless I burn this ash in the Ganges, my ancestors will not get peace. Therefore, Lord Vishnu requested Ganga to come from heaven to earth.

However, Ganga did not want to come to Earth and if she had come to Earth in a state of anger, she would have destroyed the entire Earth with the effect of its flow. Lord Shiva tied the Ganges with his jata to reduce the wrath of Ganga and save the earth and a thin stream of it flowed towards the earth.

The Ganga river has descended on earth due to the above boon of Bhagiratha mentioned above, hence Ganga is also called Bhagirathi. In addition, it is considered sacred for the peace of ancestors.

Narmada River

Origin – From Vindhyachal and Satpura mountain range (place called Amarkantak)
Estuary – Gulf of Khambhat (near Gujarat)
Length – 1312 km

The Narmada River is addressed by Mekalasuta, Shiva Sutta, Kunwari River etc. There are also interesting stories of Narmada associated with each of the above names. It is said that when Shiva was absorbed in spirituality, then a 12-year-old girl was born due to falling sweat, since then it was called Shiva Suta.

This girl was raised by a person named Mekhal / Mekal. Due to which, Mekalsuta, a synonym of Narmada River, emerged. Two legends are also behind the appearance of Narmada river from Virgo. Although both stories are related to Prem Katha. Of which according to a legend Narmada’s father Mekal decides to marry Narmada to Sonbhadra and in the second story Narmada and Sonbhadra had a love affair, but in both the stories Narmada was betrayed by her friend Juhila.

It is to be noted that ‘Johila River’ is also originating only 3 kilometers from the origin of Narmada River. After becoming aware of the relationship between Juhila and Sonbhadra, Narmada in anger took the form of a river from the girl and vowed that she would never marry and would always flow in the opposite direction. Since then, the Narmada River flows in opposite directions from the major rivers of India.


Origin – From a hill in Trimbak village in Nashik district (Maharashtra)
Estuary – Bay of Bengal
Length – 1465 km

It is the longest river in South India, due to its large size and prevailing history, it is also known as “Vridha Ganga” or “Dakshin Ganga”.

Godavari was named after Maharishi Gautama, at that time Maharishi Gautama was considered a Siddha Purush. But many people felt jealous of him, that’s why the sin of cow slaughter was cheated on him. To prove himself, Maharishi Gautama meditated hard and pleased Lord Shiva i.e. Rudra. And asked for a boon from them. As a boon, the Maharishi sought life for the dead Go and the origin of the holy river like the Ganges for his purity.

Lord Rudra gave life to the dead cow and gave birth to the holy river with the effect of his one hair.

In Telugu, “Shgodash” means – cow and since then this holy river was named Godavari and it is also known as Old Ganga or Dakshin Ganga as a noun.


Origin – Yamunotri Himani situated on the western slope of banderpunch
Sangam – Prayagraj (Allahabad) in the Ganges
Length – 1375 km

Yamuna is known as Surya Suta / Ravi Tanaya i.e. daughter of Surya. According to mythology, it was said that Yamuna was said to be the daughter of Sun and Shadow. Yamuna’s mother, the form of Chhaya was dark, so the color of Yamuna was also dark. Hence it was also decorated with synonyms like Krishna, Kalindi etc.

Along with this, at the time of Yamuna’s birth, he was named after his brother ‘Yamraj’. For this reason, bathing the brother in Yamuna on Bhai Dooj is considered extremely auspicious, which removes the evil house constellation of Yama.

Sipra River

Origin – From Kakdi Bari hill (Indore)
Sangam – Chambal River
Length – 560 km There is a famous

Mahakaleshwar temple of Ujjain on the banks of river Kshipra where Kumbh Mela is held every 12 years. It is considered very pure in terms of purity. It is said that the river Kshipra has originated from the blood of Lord Vishnu, hence bathing in it gives freedom from sins.

There is a popular legend behind the above mentioned legends. According to which once Mahakal i.e. Lord Shankar was very hungry and to fulfill his hunger he pledged to beg alms. When he approached Lord Vishnu while asking for alms, he ridiculed by showing his index finger. Lord Shiva got angry on this matter and he hit Vishnu ji with his trident on the index finger.

Lord Shiva got angry on this matter and struck Vishnu ji with his trident on the index finger. Due to which the blood started flowing from the finger of Lord Vishnu and that blood descended into the earth as the river Kshipra. Since then, it has been called the holy river, freeing it from birth and death.

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