History of Turmeric
Turmeric is a plant that has a very long history of remedial use, almost from last 4000 years. In Southeast Asia, turmeric is used not only as a primary spice but also as a component in religious ceremonies. Because of its radiant yellow color, turmeric is also known as “Indian saffron.”
It probably reached China by 700 AD, East Africa by 800 AD, West Africa by 1200 AD, and Jamaica in the eighteenth century. In 1280, Marco Polo described this spice, marveling at a vegetable that exhibited qualities so similar to that of saffron. Ayurvedic Compendium, dating in 250 BC, recommends an ointment containing turmeric to relieve the effects of poisoned food.
Turmeric Production and Processing
India produces nearly the world’s total turmeric crop and consumes 80% of it. With its inherent qualities and high content of the important bioactive compound Indian turmeric is considered to be the best in the world. Erode, a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the world’s largest producer of and the most important trading center for turmeric. It is also known as “Yellow City,” . Sangli, a city of Maharashtra, is second only area in India for production and trading site for turmeric.
Benefits of Turmeric
Nutritional analysis proved that 100 g of turmeric contains 390 kcal, 10 g total fat, 0 mg cholesterol, , 3 g saturated fat, 0.2 g calcium, 0.26 g phosphorous, 2500 mg potassium, 47.5 mg iron, 10 mg sodium, 0.9 mg thiamine, 0.19 mg riboflavin, 4.8 mg niacin, 50 mg ascorbic acid, 69.9 g total carbohydrates, 21 g dietary fiber, 3 g sugars, and 8 g protein. Turmeric is also a good source of the ω-3 fatty acid and α-linolenic acid (2.5%; ).
In Ayurvedic discipline , turmeric is considered to have many remedial properties including strengthening the overall energy of the body improving digestion, regulating menstruation, dispelling worms, relieving gas, dissolving gallstones, and relieving arthritis.
Turmeric for Skin
Turmeric paste is used by women in many parts of India to remove superfluous hair. Turmeric paste is applied to the skin of the bride and groom before marriage in many parts of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, where it is believed to make the skin shine and keep harmful bacteria away from the body.
Turmeric is currently used in the formulation of several night creams, sunscreens and even in antiseptic paste . Several multinational companies are making face creams based on turmeric.
Turmeric a catalyst for Digestion
In both traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric is considered a bitter digestive and a carminative. It helps to treat diseases associated with abdominal pain and liver. People incorporated it into foods, including rice and bean dishes, to improve digestion and reduce gas and bloating.
It stimulates bile production in the liver and encouraging excretion of bile via the gallbladder, which improves the body’s ability to digest fats.
Turmeric for respiratory system
Turmeric is getting used in treatment for various respiratory conditions like asthma, bronchial hyperactivity, and allergy, as well as for liver disorders, anorexia, rheumatism, diabetic wounds, runny nose and cough.
Turmeric a medicine for cough and cold
Sometimes, turmeric mixed with milk or with warm water is taken to treat intestinal disorders as well as colds and sore throats.
Antiseptic use of turmeric
Many South Asian countries use it as an antiseptic for cuts, burns, and bruises, and as an antibacterial agent, in addition it helps to purify blood and work as a remedy for skin conditions. Turmeric has been used to treat sprains and swelling also. Unani practitioners also use turmeric to open blood vessels in order to improve blood circulation.
Name of Turmeric in different language
|Arabic||Kurkum, Uqdah safra|
|Chinese||Yu chin, Yu jin, Wohng geung, Geung wohng, Wat gam, Huang jiang, Jiang huang, Yu jin, Yu jin xiang gen|
|Dutch||Geelwortel, Kurkuma Tarmeriek, Koenjit, Koenir|
|French||Curcuma, Safran des Indes, Terre-mérite, Souchet des Indes|
|German||Curcuma, Sárga gyömbérgyökér|
|Greek||Kitrinoriza, Kourkoumi, Kourkoumas|
|Indonesian||Kunyit, Kunir; Daun kunyit|
|Korean||Kang-hwang, Keolkuma Kolkuma, Sim-hwang, Teomerik, Tomerik, Tumerik, Ulgum, Ulgumun|
|Laotian||Khi min khun, Khmin khÜn|
|Polish||Kurkuma, Ostryź długi, Szafran indyjski|
|Portuguese||Açafrão da Índia, Curcuma|
|Russian||Koren, kurkumy, Kurkuma|
|Spanish||Cúrcuma, Azafrán arabe|
|Thai||Kha min chan, Kha min; Wanchakmadluk|
|Tibetan||Gaser, Sga ser|
|Turkish||Hint safrani, Sari boya, Zerdeçal, Safran kökü, Zerdali, Zerdeçöp, Zerdecube|
|Urdu||Haldi, Zard chub|
|Vietnamese||Bot nghe, Cu nghe, Nghe, Uat kim, Khuong hoang|